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STEAM – Is Artificial Intelligence trying to replace the human labour force?

By February 7, 2022No Comments

STEAM

Is Artificial Intelligence trying to replace the human labour force?

Artificial Intelligence is becoming good at many human jobs, such as diagnosing diseases, translating languages, providing customer service and improving fast. This raises reasonable fears that AI will ultimately replace human workers throughout the economy. But that’s not inevitable or even the most likely outcome. Never before have digital tools been so responsive to us, nor we to our devices. When speaking of AI, most people think of it as robots, but robotics and AI are very distinct in their application. However, people often get them mixed up.

Machines become AI through programmes, and their capacity is determined by the programmes they run, such as;

Machines that follow the most basic AI principles and can use intelligence to perceive and react to the world around them are Reactive AI Machines. IBM’s Deep Blue is a good example, which defeated chess grandmaster Kasparov. However, such machines cannot refer to prior experiences and improve or advance themselves.

Limited Memory AI machines can store data and even predict when gathering information and weighing potential decisions – essentially looking into the past for clues of what may come next. A good example is self-driving cars which use sensors to identify pedestrians crossing the road, road terrain, traffic signals and even the distance between it and other vehicles on the road and use this data to make better driving decisions.

Finally, there are the hypothetical Self Aware AI machines. These AI are theoretical as the technological and scientific capabilities necessary to reach this level of artificial intelligence have not yet been achieved. However, in theory, this machine can be self-aware with a human level consciousness and understanding of its existence in the world and the presence and emotional state of others.

This last group of AI evokes fear and is the theme of many sci-fi movies and series. While no one can predict precisely how it will evolve in the future, the current trends and developments paint a much different picture of how AI will become part of our lives. In the aviation sector, artificial intelligence has proven to be an effective tool for extracting useful information from image databases and performing repetitive, time-consuming tasks requiring many operators. Monotonous tasks can be easily automated, gradually making specific roles obsolete.

For instance, tasks and activities related to customer care/call centre operation, document classification, discovery and retrieval, content moderation are more and more based on technology and automation and less on human work. The same is true for roles related to operation and support of production lines and factories: humans are being replaced by intelligent robots that can safely navigate the space, find and move objects (such as products, parts, or tools) or perform complex assembling operations. AI proves to be very effective in handling even more complex activities — those requiring processing of multiple signals, data streams, and accumulated knowledge in real-time. A typical case is the autonomous vehicles that can capture and ‘understand’ the environment and its dynamics; they can ‘see’, decide and accumulate in real-time towards well-defined optimisation objectives. Artificial Intelligence AI is not trying to replace humans but complements human force and is useful in other sectors such as where radioactive particles are handled.AI is helping humans expand their abilities in three ways. They can amplify our cognitive strengths, interact with customers and employees to free us for higher-level tasks, and embody human skills to extend our physical capabilities.

These are the vital insights that we share among other more hands-on STEAM practicals in the club. So join us as we delve into the future possibilities that TECH can provide.

Lydia Melly

STEAM Club

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